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Lipid Levels - Cholesterol, LDL, Triglycerides (Trig) and HDL

The lipid profile consists of total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, triglycerides. Cholesterol is a chemical compound made up of fats and steroids that is produced by the body. While most of the cholesterol is produced from the body, you can also get cholesterol from meats, milk and cheese. Cholesterol intake should be less than 300 mg per day. Your body makes LDL “bad” cholesterol from two types of fat in the diet. Saturated fats included fatty meats, whole milk dairy products (whole milk, butter, cream, sour cream, cheese, or ice cream) and coconut or palm oil. The other fat is trans fats. They are found in many fried foods, baked goods (cookies and crackers), and stick margarine. A high LDL level may increase the risk for heart disease. HDL is known as the “good” cholesterol. HDL may help the body get rid of plaque. Triglycerides are the main form in which fat travels in the blood. You need some triglycerides for good health. But, high triglycerides can raise your risk for heart disease.

Blood Lipid Goals:

 Lipid (Blood Fats)  Goal
 Total Cholesterol  Below 200 mg/dL
 LDL Cholesterol ("bad" cholesterol)  Below 100 mg/dL
 HDL Cholesterol ("good" cholesterol)                 Greater than 40 mg/dL in men
 Greater than 50 mg/dL in women
 Triglycerides  Below 150 mg/dL
 Below 70 mg/dL in people with heart disease 

Reference: http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/Cholesterol/AboutCholesterol/What-Your-Cholesterol-Levels-Mean_UCM_305562_Article.jsp,. 


Food Guidelines for Blood Lipid Control:

 Food Categories  Foods to Use  Foods to Avoid
 Breads, Grains, Cereals  Whole grain breads, pastas, rice,  and cereals (hot or cold)
 Sweet rolls, doughnuts, and  breakfast pastries (Danish)
 Vegetables  Any, 1 serving of dark-green or  deep-yellow daily  Any breaded deep fried vegetables,  vegetables topped with cream or  cheese sauces
 Fruits  All fruit   Fruit canned or frozen in sugar or  heavy syrup, coconut 
 Milk Products  Skim milk, low-fat cheese, low-fat  yogurt, powdered skim milk  Whole milk, whole milk packaged  goods (cream, ice cream,  puddings, yogurt, cheeses), non-  dairy cream substitutes
 Meats, Poultry, Fish, Dried  Beans, Eggs, Nuts  Lean meats (pork, chicken, turkey,  veal, non-fatty cuts of beef), egg  whites, egg yolks 3 times per  week,  fresh or frozen fish, tuna  packed in water, dried beans or  peas  Bacon, sausage, duck, goose, skin  of poultry, processed meats,  luncheon meats, organ meats, tuna  packed in oil, use shellfish and nuts  sparingly, commercial baked beans
 Fats  Soft margarine, oils(olive, canola,  peanut safflower, soybean,  sunflower, corn or sesame seed),  avocado, olives  Butter, stick margarine, commercial  salad dressings, gravies, bacon  drippings, cream sauces, 

Reference: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/002449.htm,.

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Health and Wellness Tip

Laugh every day.  It can release endorphins, the healing hormones, and act as the body’s natural pain killer.  Rent a funny movie or call a friend that makes you laugh.  This can lower your blood pressure and boost your immune system.