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Carbohydrate Counting for Diabetes

What is a carbohydrate? 

Carbohydrates are the nutrients with the greatest effect on your blood sugar level. Almost 100% of the carbs we eat turn to sugar within 1 to 2 hours. The more carbs you eat, the higher your blood sugar rises, so too many carbs can overload your body’s insulin supply. However, you still need carbohydrate in your body. Carbs provide energy and are found in many healthy foods. Carbs consist of foods found in the starch, fruit, or milk groups. The answer is to eat them as part of a balanced meal plan.  

Why do we count carbs for diabetes? 

Carb counting is a meal-planning method commonly used by diabetics. This method is based on how many grams of carb you eat at each meal. This method focuses on foods that increase blood sugar the most. This allows you to be flexible and enjoy carbs during the day without having to worry about your diet. Remember, even though you may have diabetes, you can enjoy eating sweets and desserts. Counting carbs will also help improve blood sugar control, which you can monitor with blood glucose monitors. The total number of carbs eaten at every meal is based on your activity level, height and current weight. 


Basic carb-counting guidelines

Grams vs. carb choices 

General Guidelines You Need for Carbohydrates

Advanced Carb Counting

What is an insulin correction factor (ICF)? 

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Health and Wellness Tip

A low purine diet will help if gout or kidney stones. It may help the pain and lower uric                                                 acid levels. Some high-purine foods include sweetbreads, anchovies, scallops, herring, and mackerel. To reduce gout attacks, also limit the amount of fatty foods you eat.